The Passive Voice
Construction of the Passive Voice
The structure of the passive voice is very simple:
subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle)
The main verb is always in its past participle form.
1- We keep the butter in the fridge in summer.
Subject verb Direct object
– The butter is kept in the fridge in summer
Subject auxiliary verb (pp)
2- The engineers are repairing theLondon bridge. ( present continuous )
The Londonbridge is being repaired by the engineers.
3- The Prime Minister has just delivered a speech in the parliament ( Present perfect )
A speech has just been delivered by the prime minister in the parliament.
4- The Marines assassinated Ben Laden last year. ( Simple Past )
Ben Laden was assassinated last year by the Marines
5- We should preserve the African Elephant because it ‘s going to extinct. ( Modal)
The African elephant should be preserved because it’s going to extinct.
The Impersonal Passive
1- People say that Houssni Moubarak is in a coma these days.
It is said that Houssni Moubarak is in a coma these days.
- People think that the Arab spring is going to be a dead loss
It is thought that the Arab spring is going to be a dead loss.
( The impersonal passive is used with verbs like assume, believe, consider, know, suppose,
Understand, estimate, feel ……..)
Being + verbs ( used after verbs in the Gerund form )
1- You should go home before dark to avoid being mugged.
2- Peter hates being given orders
3- I remember being punished by my teacher in the primary school.
4- Ilham doesn’t like being cheated.
Lire aussi :
- Construction of the Passive Voice
- Use of the passive voice
- The Past Perfect -Préparation Bac2
- Cardinal and ordinal numbers
- Gerunds and Infinitives
- Passive voice -2Bac -Cours & Exercices
- The Future Perfect -2bac – cours & exercices
- Expressing wishes (+simple past/+Past Perfect) (Bac)
- Will or going to ?